Agent Name

Xanthine

CAS Number

69-89-6

Formula

C5-H4-N4-O2

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

1H-Purine-2,6-dione, 3,7-dihydro-; 1H-Purine-2,6-dione, 3,9-dihydro-; Purine-2(3H),6(1H)-dione; 1H-Purine-2,6-diol; 2,6(1,3)-Purinedion; 2,6-Dioxo-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropurine; 2,6-Dioxopurine; 3,7-Dihydro-1H-purine-2,6-dione; 9H-Purine-2,6-(1H,3H)-dione; 9H-Purine-2,6-diol; Isoxanthine; Pseudoxanthine; Purine-2,6-(1H,3H)-dione; Purine-2,6-diol; XAN; Xanthic oxide; Xanthin; [ChemIDplus] 2,6(1H,3H)-Purinedione; [Merck Index]

Category

Purines

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White odorless powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Found in animal organs, yeast, potatoes, coffee beans, and tea; [Merck Index] "A purine base found in most body tissues and fluids, certain plants, and some urinary calculi. It is an intermediate in the degradation of adenosine monophosphate to uric acid, being formed by oxidation of hypoxanthine. The methylated xanthine compounds caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline and their derivatives are used in medicine for their bronchodilator effects. (Dorland, 28th ed)" [ChemIDplus]

Comments

May cause irritation; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] An irritant that may cause severe eye irritation; May cause skin sensitization; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] PubMed search for (69-89-6[EC/RN Number]) AND (allergic or sensitizer or sensitization or dermatitis): no records supporting skin sensitization; [PubMed]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.64E-10 mm Hg

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