Agent Name

Carmine

CAS Number

1390-65-4

Formula

C22-H20-O13

Major Category

Dyes

Synonyms

B Rose liquid; Carmine (Coccus cacti L.); Cochineal (Coccus cacti L.); Cochineal extract lake; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Anthraquinone Dyes

Description

Red crystals in methanol; bright red powder; deep red color in water; [HSDB]

Sources/Uses

Used in inks, dyes, food coloring, photography, paints, microbiological stains, and chemical reagents; [HSDB] Carmine is used as a microscopic stain of chromatin. [Ullmann]

Comments

Anthraquinones are toxic by ingestion and may cause vomiting, diarrhea, kidney and liver damage, and coma; Deaths have been reported after chilldren ingested Rhamnus berries; [HSDB] Occupational asthma confirmed in workers in dye manufacturing plant; [Malo] Cochineal is the dried bodies of the female insect coccus cacti. Carminic acid is the active coloring material, and carmine is the aluminum lake of carminic acid. [HSDB] See "Carminic acid" and "Cochineal."

Reference Link

Occupational asthma and immunologic responses induced by inhaled carmine among employees at a factory making natural dyes.

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

9.71E-27 mm Hg

Reference Link

Occupational asthma induced by inhaled carmine among butchers.

Adverse Effects
Asthma

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: