Agent Name

Xylitol

CAS Number

87-99-0

Formula

C5-H12-O5

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Eutrit; Kannit; Klinit; Newtol; Xylite; Xylite (sugar); Xyliton; [ChemIDplus] xylo-Pentane-1,2,3,4,5-pentol; Kylit; Torch; [Merck Index] XYLISORB; [IUCLID]

Category

Monosaccharides and Derivatives

Description

Solid; Metastable form is hygroscopic; [Merck Index] White Solid; Practically odorless; [JECFA] White odorless crystals or powder; Hygroscopic; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Intermediate in D-glucose metabolism; Used as a nutrient and in anticaries products; [Merck Index] Used as a humectant and nutritive sweetener in foods; [FDA]

Comments

Causes general anesthesia, ulceration or bleeding from the stomach, and other liver changes in oral lethal-dose studies of mice and rabbits; [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Mannitol."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.00247 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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