Agent Name

Phenylmercuric acetate

CAS Number

62-38-4

Formula

C8-H8-Hg-O2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

(Acetato)phenylmercury; (Acetato-O)phenylmercury; (Acetoxymercuri)benzene; Acetate de phenylmercure [ISO-French]; Acetate phenylmercurique [French]; Acetic acid, phenylmercury deriv.; Acetic acid, phenylmercury(II) salt; Acetoxyphenylmercury; Agrosan D; Agrosan GN 5; Algimycin 200; Anticon; Antimucin WBR; Antimucin WDR; Benzene, (acetoxymercuri)-; Benzene, (acetoxymercurio)-; Bufen; Bufen 30; Cekusil; Celmer; Ceresol; Contra Creme; Dyanacide; Femma; Fenylmercuriacetat [Czech]; Fenylmerkuriacetat [Czech]; Fungicide R; Fungitox OR; Gallotox; Hexasan; Hexasan (fungicide); Hl-331; Hong nien; Hostaquick; Hostaquik; Intercide 60; Intercide PMA 18; Kwiksan; Liquiphene; Lorophyn; Meracen; Mercron; Mercuriphenyl acetate; Mercuron; Mercury(II) acetate, phenyl-; Mercury, (acetato)phenyl-; Mercury, acetoxyphenyl-; Mergal A 25; Mersolite; Mersolite 8; Mersolite D; Metasol 30; Neantina; Norforms; Nuodex PMA 18; Nylmerate; Octan fenylrtutnaty [Czech]; PMA; PMA (fungicide); PMAC; PMAL; PMAS; Pamisan; Panomatic; Parasan; Parasan (bactericide); Phenmad; Phenomercuric acetate; Phenyl mercuric acetate; Phenylmercuriacetate; Phenylmercuric acetate; Phenylmercury acetate; Phenylmercury(II) acetate; Phenylquecksilberacetat [German]; Phenylquecksilberacetate; Phix; Programin; Purasan-SC-10; Puraturf 10; Quicksan; Quicksan 20; Riogen; Ruberon; Samtol; Sanitized SPG; Sanitol; Sanmicron; Sc-110; Scutl; Seed Dressing R; Seedtox; Setrete; Shimmerex; Spor-Kil; Spruce Seal; Tag; Tag (VAN); Tag 331; Tag HL 331; Tag fungicide; Trigosan; Troysan 30; Troysan PMA 30; Verdasan; Verdasan (VAN); Volpar; Zaprawa Nasienna R; Ziarnik; UN1674; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Organic Compounds

Description

White or white-yellow crystals (hygroscopic); [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Has been used as a preservative for contraceptive gels and foams; a paint biocide; an instrument disinfectant; a mildewcide for leather, ink, adhesives, tape muds, and caulking compounds; an eyewash preservative; a slimicide in paper mills; a fungicide for crops; a herbicide; an aquatic parasiticide; and a catalyst in the manufacturing of polyurethanes; [HSDB]

Comments

Immunologic, occupational contact urticaria documented; [Kanerva, p. 219] Toxic by ingestion, skin absorption, and inhalation of aerosol; Corrosive to the skin; Can injure the kidneys and nervous system; [ICSC] The phenyl mercuric salts (used in herbicides, fungicides, antiseptics, and preservatives) are strong skin irritants and patch testing is difficult. [Marks, p. 148] Mercury can produce slight hepatic injury in experimental animals. [Zimmerman, p. 419] See "Mercury, aryl compounds" and linked occupational diseases.

Restricted

Was used as a biocide in interior and exterior paints prior to 1991; [ATSDR ToxProfiles] Not registered for current use in the U.S by the EPA. [HSDB]

Reference Link

Phenyl mercuric acetate (PMA): mercury-bearing flexible gymnasium floors in schools--evaluation of hazards and controlled abatement.

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

IDLH (NIOSH)

10 mg/m3, as Hg

Vapor Pressure

6.0E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 100 deg F; NFPA flammability: 1 for dry material; 2 for solution; For TLV, see "Mercury, aryl compounds." [CHEMINFO]

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Neurotoxin

Sensorimotor Neuropathy

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: