Agent Name

Phenylmercuric acetate

CAS Number

62-38-4

Formula

C8-H8-Hg-O2

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

(Acetato)phenylmercury; (Acetato-O)phenylmercury; (Acetoxymercuri)benzene; Acetate de phenylmercure [ISO-French]; Acetate phenylmercurique [French]; Acetic acid, phenylmercury deriv.; Acetic acid, phenylmercury(II) salt; Acetoxyphenylmercury; Agrosan D; Agrosan GN 5; Algimycin 200; Anticon; Antimucin WBR; Antimucin WDR; Benzene, (acetoxymercuri)-; Benzene, (acetoxymercurio)-; Bufen; Bufen 30; Cekusil; Celmer; Ceresol; Contra Creme; Dyanacide; Femma; Fenylmercuriacetat [Czech]; Fenylmerkuriacetat [Czech]; Fungicide R; Fungitox OR; Gallotox; Hexasan; Hexasan (fungicide); Hl-331; Hong nien; Hostaquick; Hostaquik; Intercide 60; Intercide PMA 18; Kwiksan; Liquiphene; Lorophyn; Meracen; Mercron; Mercuriphenyl acetate; Mercuron; Mercury(II) acetate, phenyl-; Mercury, (acetato)phenyl-; Mercury, acetoxyphenyl-; Mergal A 25; Mersolite; Mersolite 8; Mersolite D; Metasol 30; Neantina; Norforms; Nuodex PMA 18; Nylmerate; Octan fenylrtutnaty [Czech]; PMA; PMA (fungicide); PMAC; PMAL; PMAS; Pamisan; Panomatic; Parasan; Parasan (bactericide); Phenmad; Phenomercuric acetate; Phenyl mercuric acetate; Phenylmercuriacetate; Phenylmercuric acetate; Phenylmercury acetate; Phenylmercury(II) acetate; Phenylquecksilberacetat [German]; Phenylquecksilberacetate; Phix; Programin; Purasan-SC-10; Puraturf 10; Quicksan; Quicksan 20; Riogen; Ruberon; Samtol; Sanitized SPG; Sanitol; Sanmicron; Sc-110; Scutl; Seed Dressing R; Seedtox; Setrete; Shimmerex; Spor-Kil; Spruce Seal; Tag; Tag (VAN); Tag 331; Tag HL 331; Tag fungicide; Trigosan; Troysan 30; Troysan PMA 30; Verdasan; Verdasan (VAN); Volpar; Zaprawa Nasienna R; Ziarnik; UN1674; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Organic Compounds

Description

White or white-yellow crystals (hygroscopic); [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Has been used as a preservative for contraceptive gels and foams; a paint biocide; an instrument disinfectant; a mildewcide for leather, ink, adhesives, tape muds, and caulking compounds; an eyewash preservative; a slimicide in paper mills; a fungicide for crops; a herbicide; an aquatic parasiticide; and a catalyst in the manufacturing of polyurethanes; [HSDB]

Comments

Immunologic, occupational contact urticaria documented; [Kanerva, p. 219] Toxic by ingestion, skin absorption, and inhalation of aerosol; Corrosive to the skin; Can injure the kidneys and nervous system; [ICSC] The phenyl mercuric salts (used in herbicides, fungicides, antiseptics, and preservatives) are strong skin irritants and patch testing is difficult. [Marks, p. 148] Mercury can produce slight hepatic injury in experimental animals. [Zimmerman, p. 419] See "Mercury, aryl compounds" and linked occupational diseases.

Restricted

Was used as a biocide in interior and exterior paints prior to 1991; [ATSDR ToxProfiles] Not registered for current use in the U.S by the EPA. [HSDB]

Reference Link

Phenyl mercuric acetate (PMA): mercury-bearing flexible gymnasium floors in schools--evaluation of hazards and controlled abatement.

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Yes

Bioaccumulates

Yes

TLV (ACGIH)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

PEL (OSHA)

0.1 mg/m3, as Hg

IDLH (NIOSH)

10 mg/m3, as Hg

Vapor Pressure

6.0E-6 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 100 deg F; NFPA flammability: 1 for dry material; 2 for solution; For TLV, see "Mercury, aryl compounds." [CHEMINFO]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Neurotoxin

Sensorimotor Neuropathy

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: