Agent Name

Benzoic acid

CAS Number

65-85-0

Formula

C7-H6-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Acide benzoique [French]; Acido benzoico [Italian]; Benzenecarboxylic acid; Benzeneformic acid; Benzenemethanoic acid; Benzoate; Benzoate (VAN); Benzoesaeure GK; Benzoesaeure GV; Benzoesaeure [German]; Benzoic acid; Benzoic acid (natural); Benzoic acid, tech.; Carboxybenzene; Dracylic acid; E 210; Flowers of benjamin; Flowers of benzoin; HA 1; HA 1 (acid); Kyselina benzoova [Czech]; Phenylcarboxylic acid; Phenylformic acid; Retarder BA; Retardex; Salvo liquid; Solvo powder; Tenn-Plas; Unisept BZA; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Benzoic Acid Derivatives

Description

White crystals or powder; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Used as a food and drug preservative; Used as a chemical standard and intermediate; [HSDB]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; [ICSC] Causes non-immunological contact urticaria; [Kanerva, p. 218] Benzoic acid alkali salts cause pseudoallergic reactions; [MAK] See "Sodium benzoate."

Restricted

No longer contained in any registered pesticide products; Cancelled by EPA; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

0.5 mg/m3, respirable fraction (can also occur as vapor and aerosol)

Vapor Pressure

0.0007 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = >26 mg/m3/1H

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: