Agent Name

Benzaldehyde

CAS Number

100-52-7

Formula

C7-H6-O

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Almond artificial essential oil; Artificial almond oil; Artificial essential oil of almond; Benzaldehyde; Benzaldehyde (natural); Benzaldehyde FFC; Benzene carbaldehyde; Benzene carboxaldehyde; Benzenecarbonal; Benzenecarboxaldehyde; Benzenemethylal; Benzoic aldehyde; Bitter almond oil, synthetic; Oil Of bitter almond; Phenylmethanal; Synthetic oil of bitter almond; UN1990; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Benzaldehydes

Description

Colorless to yellowish liquid with an odor of almond oil; [AIHA] In air, readily oxidizes to benzoic acid; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a chemical intermediate and a solvent for resins and oils; [HSDB] Used as a flavoring agent in food and perfume additive (FDA-approved); [AIHA]

Comments

An eye irritant; [ICSC] At a concentration of 2 ppm, there is a strong penetrating odor without marked irritation; [AIHA] Included in list of "established contact allergens in humans"; [ToxPlanet: EC: Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety: Fragrance allergens in cosmetic products (2011)] Benzaldehyde can cause contact urticaria. [Kanerva, p. 221]

Restricted

No longer registered by EPA for use in any pesticide products; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
WEEL

2 ppmCeiling = 4 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.12 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC (rat) = >500 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

mp = -26 degrees C; bp = 179 degrees C; [ChemIDplus]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: