Agent Name

1-Decanol

Alternative Name

n-Decyl alcohol

CAS Number

112-30-1

Formula

C10-H22-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Decanol; 1-Decanol (natural); 1-Hydroxydecane; Agent 504; Alcohol C-10; Alfol 10; Antak; C 10 alcohol; C10 alcohol; Capric alcohol; Caprinic alcohol; Conol 10N; DECYL, N- ALCOHOL; Decanol; Decanol (VAN); Decyl alcohol; Dytol S-91; Epal 10; Fatty alcohol(C10); Kalcohl 1098; Kalcohl 10H; Lorol 22; Nacol 10-99; Nonylcarbinol; Primary decyl alcohol; Royaltac; Royaltac M-2; Royaltac-85; Sipol L10; T 148; T-148; T-148 (VAN); n-Decan-1-ol; n-Decanol; n-Decatyl alcohol; n-Decyl alcohol; n-Nonylcarbinol; [ChemIDplus] UN1987

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Clear liquid with a sweet odor; [CAMEO] Odor resembles orange flowers; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

Used to produce plasticizers, lubricants, petroleum additives, herbicides, surface active chemicals, and solvents; [Merck Index, 2855] Used in the perfume industry; [HSDB]

Comments

An eye irritant; Liquid defats skin; May cause CNS depression at high concentrations; [ICSC] In lethal dose studies of rats, causes somnolence after ingestion and ataxia after inhalation; [RTECS] Low order of toxicity; LD50 values usually exceed highest dose tested and range from >2000 to >10,000 mg/kg; CNS depression reported after repeated bolus dose of 1-hexanol and 1-octanol but not for members of this group with higher chain length; No reproductive effects; [ToxPlanet: SIDS: Long Chain Alcohols (C6-22 primary aliphatic alcohols)] Inhalation of high concentrations can induce unconsciousness; [MSDSonline]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

10 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.00851 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.006 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (mouse) = 4000 mg/m3/2H

Explanatory Notes

Flash point equals 180 degrees F; boiling point equals 446 degrees F; [CAMEO] Odor threshold from CHEMINFO;

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: