Agent Name

Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether

Alternative Name

DEGEE

CAS Number

111-90-0

Formula

C6-H14-O3

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy) ethanol; 2-(2-Ethoxyethoxy)ethanol; 3,6-Dioxa-1-octanol; 3,6-Dioxa-1-oktanol [Czech]; Aethyldiaethylenglycol [German]; Carbitol; Carbitol cellosolve; Carbitol solvent; DEGMEE; Diethylene glycol ethyl ether; Diethylene glycol monoethyl ether; Diethyleneglycol monoethyl ether; Diglycol monoethyl ether; Dioxitol; Dowanol 17; Dowanol DE; Ektasolve DE; Ethanol, 2,2'-oxybis-, monoethyl ether; Ethanol, 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy)-; Ethoxy diglycol; Ethyl carbitol; Ethyl diethylene glycol; Ethyl digol; Ethylene diglycol monoethyl ether; Karbitol [Czech]; Losungsmittel APV; Monoethyl ether of diethylene glycol; PM 1799; Poly-Solv DE; Solvolsol; Transcutol; Transcutol P; [ChemIDplus] DiEGEE; [AIHA] NA8027

Category

Glycol Ethers (E Series)

Description

A clear slightly viscous liquid with a mild pleasant odor; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used in lubricating oil and braking fluid; [ChemIDplus] Used as a solvent for cellulose esters, lacquers, varnishes, enamels, dyestuffs, wood stains, gums, and resins; [Merck Index, 1800] Used in textile printing; [CHEMINFO] Used in photography (solvent for color processing); [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html]

Comments

In oral or dermal doses >800-1000 mg/kg/day, animals exhibit CNS depression and changes to liver and kidneys, but no significant developmental toxicity; [Reference #1] Adverse effects not expected, unless workers are exposed to mists of heated liquid; [CHEMINFO] An eye irritant; [ICSC] Adverse effects in animal feeding studies include injury to the CNS, liver, kidneys, red blood cells, and reproductive system. [HSDB] Poorly absorbed through the skin; [AIHA] See "Glycol Ethers."

Reference Link

OECD SIDS: Diethylene glycol ethers - 2005

Exposure Assessment
MAK

50 mg/m3, inhalable fraction

WEEL

25 ppm

Vapor Pressure

0.12 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.21 mg/m3

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 5240 mg/m3/4H

Explanatory Notes

Flash point equals 205 degrees F; boiling point equals 396 degrees F; [CAMEO] Odor threshold from CHEMINFO;

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: