Agent Name

Coal gasification

Major Category

Other Uses


Exposures, PAH-Related


Coal is reacted with oxygen, steam and carbon dioxide to form hydrogen, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, and heat. Coal gasification is used to make fuel gas for industrial fuel, power production, synthesis gas, transportation fuel, and high heating-value gas; [Reference #1]


In addition to PAHs, workers are also exposed to asbestos, silica, amines, arsenic, cadmium, lead, nickel, vanadium, hydrocarbons, sulfur dioxide, sulfuric acid, and aldehydes; "The main body of evidence came from two cohort studies of coal-gasification workers in the United Kingdom and Germany, and a case-control study nested within a cohort of French gas- and electricity-production workers;" A Group 1 carcinogen: cancer of the lung; [Reference #1]

Reference Link

IARC 2012: Coal Gasification

Exposure Assessment
Adverse Effects
IARC Carcinogen

Known Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information


Related Information in HazMap

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: