Agent Name

Auramine production

Major Category

Other Classes

Category

Exposures, Complex

Sources/Uses

Auramine is used to dye leather, jute, tanned cotton, and carbon paper; Also used in paints, inking ribbons, ballpoint pastes, oils, and waxes; Paper dyeing and flexographic printing are the most important applications; [Reference #1]

Comments

A Group 1 carcinogen: cancer of the urinary bladder; A study published in 1954 found a 13-fold excess of bladder tumors in men manufacturing auramine in England and Wales. [Reference #1] See "Auramine."

Restricted

Production discontinued in the West, but still produced mainly in India and People's Republic of China; [Reference #1]

Reference Link

IARC 2012: Auramine and Auramine Production

Exposure Assessment
Adverse Effects
IARC Carcinogen

Known Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: