Agent Name

Pantothenic acid

CAS Number

79-83-4

Formula

C9-H17-N-O5

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(D,+)-N(alpha-gamma-Dihydroxy-beta,beta-dimethylbutyryl)-beta-alanine; Chick antidermatitis factor; D(+)-N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-beta-alanine; D-Pantothenic acid; Kyselina pantothenova [Czech]; N-(2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethylbutyryl)-beta-alanine; Vitamin B5; beta-Alanine, N-(2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-1-oxobutyl)-, -; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Vitamins and Derivatives

Description

Viscous liquid; Unstable and extremely hygroscopic; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

A B complex vitamin found in all plants and animals that is essential for the biosynthesis of coenzyme A in mammals; [Merck Index] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]

Comments

Causes altered sleep time (including change in righting reflex) and somnolence in intraperitoneal lethal-dose studies of mice (LD50 = 1,443 mg/kg); [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.13E-10 mm Hg

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