Agent Name

beta-Carotene

CAS Number

7235-40-7

Formula

C40-H56

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

CI 40800; Food Orange 5; (all-E)-1,1'-(3,7,12,16-Tetramethyl-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-octadecanonaene-1,18-diyl)bis(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexene); 1,1'-(3,7,12,16-Tetramethyl-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-octadecanonaene-1,18-diyl)bis(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohexene), (all E)-; BetaVit; Betacarotene; Betacaroteno [Spanish]; Betacarotenum [Latin]; C.I. 75130; C.I. Food Orange 5; Carotaben; Cyclohexene, 1,1'-(3,7,12,16-tetramethyl-1,3,5,7,9,11,13,15,17-octadecanonaene-1,18-diyl)bis(2,6,6-trimethyl-, (all-E)-; Diet,beta-carotene supplementation; E160A; KPMK; Karotin [Czech]; Lucaratin; Natural Yellow 26; Provatene; Provitamin A; Serlabo; Solatene; Solatene (caps); Zlut prirodni 26 [Czech]; all-trans-beta-Carotene; beta Carotene; beta-Carotene, all-trans-; trans-B-Carotene; beta,beta-Carotene; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Vitamins and Derivatives

Description

Deep purple or red solid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

The most important provitamin A; Found in plants and animals and used to color foods yellow, as an ultraviolet screen, and as a vitamin A precursor; [Merck Index] Used as flavoring agent, antioxidant, color, nutritional supplement, processing aid, and surface-finishing agent for foods; [FDA]

Comments

No evidence of reproductive toxicity, embryotoxicity, or teratogenicity in experimental animals; [REPROTOX] Acceptable daily intake (ADI) of 0-5 mg/kg (applies to use as a coloring agent but not to use as a food supplement); [JECFA] May cause irritation; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Vitamin A."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.8E-11 mm Hg

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