Agent Name

Isobutyryl chloride

CAS Number

79-30-1

Formula

C4-H7-Cl-O

Major Category

Toxic Gases & Vapors

Synonyms

2-Methylpropanoyl chloride; 2-Methylpropionyl chloride; Chloro isopropyl ketone; Dimethylacetyl chloride; Isobutanoyl chloride; Isobutyric acid chloride; Isobutyroyl chloride; alpha-Methylpropionyl chloride; Propanoyl chloride, 2-methyl-; [ChemIDplus] UN2395

Category

Acid Halides

Description

Liquid; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Comments

A severe eye irritant; Causes focal lung fibrosis and acute pulmonary edema in inhalation lethal-concentration studies of rats; [RTECS] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Dangerous When Wet

Yes - A material that, by contact with water, is liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable or toxic gas at a rate greater than 1 L per kilogram of the material, per hour; [ERG 2004]

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 11,600 mg/m3/4hr

Explanatory Notes

11,600 mg/m3 = 2661.85 ppm;

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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