Agent Name

Lead azide

CAS Number

13424-46-9

Formula

N6-Pb

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Lead azide (PbN6); Lead diazide; Lead(2+) azide; RD 1333; UN0129; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Explosives

Description

White needles or powder; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used on the tip of an explosive catheter in micro-explosion cystolithotripsy; [ChemIDplus] Used in military ammunition and in blasting caps; [Sax] Used as a primer in explosives; [Merck Index, 5401]

Comments

Unstable when dry, and may explode after shock, heat, or friction; [CAMEO] Emits fumes of lead and nitrogen oxides when heated; [Sax] Keep submerged in water when handling; Explodes at 660 deg F; Reported cause of explosions in laboratories after azide poured down sinks and comes in contact with lead in pipes; [Hawley] Workers handling this substance are at risk for lead poisoning; [NJ-HSFS] See "AZIDES." See "Lead" and linked occupational diseases.

Restricted

Lead azide (dry) is forbidden for transport by any means; [HMT]

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Lead in blood = 200 ug/L (20 ug/100 ml); sampling time not critical; [ACGIH]

TLV (ACGIH)

0.05 mg/m3, as Pb

PEL (OSHA)

0.05 mg/m3, as Pb

Explanatory Notes

For occupational exposure limits, see "Lead."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Motor Neuropathy

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

Other Poison

Chemical Asphyxiant

IARC Carcinogen

Probable Carcinogen

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: