Agent Name

Lead styphnate

CAS Number

15245-44-0

Formula

C6-H3-N3-O8.Pb

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

1,3-Benzenediol, 2,4,6-trinitro-, lead(2+) salt (1:1); Lead 2,4,6-trinitro-m-phenylene dioxide; Lead styphnate (dry) [Forbidden]; Lead styphnate, wetted or lead trinitroresorcinate, wetted; with not <20% water or mixture of alcohol and water, by; mass [UN0130] [Explosive 1.1A]; Lead trinitroresorcinate; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Explosives

Description

Orange-yellow crystals; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used as an initiating explosive; [CAMEO]

Comments

A weak but highly sensitive explosive; [CAMEO] Styphnic acid is 2,4,6-trinitroresorcinol and has a CAS # of 82-71-3. It is used as a priming agent in explosives. [Hawley] See "Lead" and the linked occupational diseases.

Restricted

Transport of lead styphnate (dry) is forbidden. Transport of lead styphnate, wetted with not <20% water is forbidden by cargo aircraft or passenger aircraft/rail. [HMT]

Exposure Assessment
BEI

Lead in blood = 200 ug/L (20 ug/100 ml); sampling time not critical; [ACGIH]

TLV (ACGIH)

0.05 mg/m3, as Pb

PEL (OSHA)

0.05 mg/m3, as Pb

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Motor Neuropathy

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Reproductive Toxin

Yes

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: