Agent Name

Potassium chlorate

CAS Number

3811-04-9

Formula

Cl-H-O3.K

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Anforstan; Berthollet salt; Berthollet's salt; Chlorate de potassium [French]; Chlorate of potash; Chlorate of potassium; Chloric acid, potassium salt; Fekabit; Oxymuriate of potash; Potash chlorate (DOT); Potassio (clorato di) [Italian]; Potassium (chlorate de) [French]; Potassium chlorate; Potassium oxymuriate; Potcrate; Salt of tarter; [ChemIDplus] UN1485 [MSDSonline]

Category

Inorganic Oxidizing Agents

Description

Clear liquid; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used in the production of explosives, fireworks, matches, and dyes; used in textile dyeing; Dilute solutions have been used as antiseptics and mouthwash (vet); [Merck Index] Used in pulp and paper manufacturing; [HSDB] Used in photography (platinum printing); [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; toxic by ingestion; [CAMEO] Irritatiing to the G.I. tract and can cause blood hemolysis and methemoglobinemia; [Merck Index] A respiratory tract irritant; [ICSC] Very toxic after ingestion with a lethal dose of about 50-500 mg/kg; Methemoglobinemia, hemolysis, and kidney injury have been reported after ingestion; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

b.p. = 400 deg C (decomposes); [ICSC]

Adverse Effects
Anemia

Anemia, Hemolytic

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

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