Agent Name

3,4-Dinitrotoluene

CAS Number

610-39-9

Formula

C7-H6-N2-O4

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

3,4-DNT; 4-Methyl-1,2-dinitrobenzene; Benzene, 4-methyl-1,2-dinitro-; Toluene, 3,4-dinitro-; [ChemIDplus] 1-Methyl-3,4-dinitrobenzene; [ICSC] UN3454

Category

Nitros, Aromatic

Description

Yellow solid; ]ICSC] Yellow to red solid with a mild odor; [CHRIS] Yellow crystalline solid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Isomeric mixtures (approximately 2.5% 3,4- isomer) are directly converted to toluene diamine (TDA) for toluene diisocyanate production; Dinitrotoluenes are also used to make explosives, dyes, and other organic chemicals; [HSDB]

Comments

A mild skin irritant; May induce methemoglobinemia; [ICSC] A strong oxidizing agent; Explosive; [CAMEO] May burn skin and eyes; Chronic effects may include methemoglobinemia, anemia, testicular atrophy, and spleen, liver, and brain injury; [CHRIS] A mild skin irritant; Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; May induce methemoglobinemia; Suspected teratogen, mutagen, reproductive toxicant, and carcinogen; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "2,4-Dinitrotoluene" and "Dinitrotoluene, all isomers."

Reference Link

ATSDR - ToxFAQs - Dinitrotoluenes

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.000397 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Dinitrotoluenes, solid."

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

ACGIH Carcinogen

Confirmed Animal

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.