Agent Name

3,5,5-Trimethyl-1-hexanol

CAS Number

3452-97-9

Formula

C9-H20-O

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

1-Hexanol, 3,5,5-trimethyl-; 3,5,5-Trimethylhexanol; 3,5,5-Trimethylhexyl alcohol; i-Nonyl alcohol; Nonanol; Nonylol; Trimethylhexyl alcohol; 3,5,5-Trimethylhexan-1-ol; [ChemIDplus] Isononyl alcohol; [ICSC] 3,5,5-Trimethylhexane-1-ol (French); 3,5,5-Trimethyl hexanol; TMH; Alphao 920; Trimethylhexanol; [Reference #1] UN1993

Category

Alcohols (<C12)

Description

Colorless liquid; [ICSC]

Sources/Uses

Used as a closed system intermediate for plasticizers and esters; [Reference #1] Used as a flavoring agent; [FDA]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; Vapor causes skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritation; Chronic exposure may cause liver and kidney injury; [ICSC] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] A skin and strong eye irritant; Prolonged or repeated ingestion exposure may cause organ injury; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Diisobutyl carbinol."

Reference Link

OECD SIDS: 3,5,5-Trimethyl-1-hexanol - 2002

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.3 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Flammable liquid, n.o.s."

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: