Agent Name

Stannic chloride pentahydrate

CAS Number

10026-06-9

Formula

Cl4-Sn.5H2-O

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Tetrachlorostannane pentahydrate; Stannane, tetrachloro-, pentahydrate; Tin chloride pentahydrate; Tin(IV) chloride, pentahydrate (1:4:5); Stannic chloride, pentahydrate; [ChemIDplus] Stannic tetrachloride pentahydrate; Tin tetrachloride pentahydrate; Tin tetrachloride, pentahydrate; Tin tetrachloride, (hydrated); [CAMEO] Tin(IV) chloride pentahydrate; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] UN2440

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

White or slightly yellow solid with a mild odor of hydrogen chloride; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used as a stabilizer for colors and perfumes in soap, in fabric dyeing (mordant), weighting silk, tinning vessels, and coating ceramics; [Merck Index] Used to make dyes and perfumes; [CAMEO]

Comments

Intravenous LD50 (mouse) = 32 mg/kg; [RTECS] Corrosive; [Merck Index] Reacts with water evolving hydrochloric acid; Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; [CAMEO] Causes burns; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract and lungs; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Stannic chloride."

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

2 mg/m3, as Sn

PEL (OSHA)

2 mg/m3, as Sn

Adverse Effects
Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

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