Agent Name

Vinyl bromide

CAS Number

593-60-2

Formula

C2-H3-Br

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

Bromoethene; Bromoethylene; Bromure de vinyle [French]; Ethene, bromo-; Monobromoethylene; Vinile (bromuro di) [Italian]; Vinyl bromide; Vinylbromid [German]; Vinyle (bromure de) [French]; [ChemIDplus] UN1085

Category

Vinyl Halides

Description

Colorless gas or liquid (below 60 degrees F) with a pleasant odor; Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas with 0.1% phenol added to prevent polymerization; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used primarily in the production of flame-retardant polymers; [ACGIH]

Comments

Acute inhalation studies in rodents show that vinyl bromide can cause liver injury. [ACGIH] A skin and eye irritant; Inhalation of high concentrations can cause CNS depression; [HSDB] Vinyl bromide, stabilized (UN1085) has warning of explosive polymerization; [ERG 2016]

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

0.5 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 50,000 ppm/7h

Explanatory Notes

Flash point <18 deg F;

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

IARC Carcinogen

Probable Carcinogen

NTP Carcinogen

Anticipated Human Carcinogen

ACGIH Carcinogen

Suspected Human

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: