Agent Name

Calcium

CAS Number

7440-70-2

Formula

Ca

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

UN1401 (Dangerous when wet)

Category

Elements, Metallic

Description

Soft metal that is grayish-white when exposed to air; Pyrophoric when finely divided; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

"Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes." [ChemIDplus] Used in metallurgy; [CAMEO]

Comments

Elemental calcium causes burns on contact with skin; [CAMEO] A single ingestion of calcium salts is not known to cause hypercalcemia or other systemic poisoning; Gastrointestinal hemorrhage after ingestion of calcium chloride has been reported; Hypercalcemia and renal failure have been reported after chronic ingestion of calcium carbonate. Rapid injection of calcium salts can cause cardiac arrhythmias and cardiac arrest; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

mp = 1562.0 deg F; [CAMEO]

Flammability (NFPA)

1: Must be preheated

Adverse Effects
Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.