Agent Name

Lithium chloride

CAS Number

7447-41-8

Formula

Cl-Li

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Chlorku litu [Polish]; Chlorure de lithium [French]; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Colorless powder or crystals, soluble in water and very hygroscopic; [CAMEO] White, deliquescent crystals, granules, or powder; Forms include anhydrous, hydrated salts, and solutions; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

Used in biological research as an immune modulator; [ChemIDplus] Used to produce lithium metal and lithium borohydride; Also used in fluxes, dipping baths, desiccants, fireworks, fire extinguishers, deicer solutions, dehumidifiers, and photosensitive developers; Also used as a catalyst, chlorinating agent, dry cell electrolyte, textile spinning stabilizer, antistatic fabric finish, and wastewater tracer; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; Low toxicity; [CAMEO]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

0.2 mg/m3, inhalable fraction, as Li

Explanatory Notes

mp = 1121.0 deg F; [CAMEO] VP = practically zero; [CHEMINFO]

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Nephrotoxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: