Agent Name

Sodium chloride

CAS Number

7647-14-5

Formula

Cl-Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Adsorbanac; Ayr; Common salt; Dendritis; Extra Fine 200 Salt; Extra Fine 325 Salt; Flexivial; Gingivyl; H.G. blending; Halite; Hypersal; Hyposaline; Iodized salt; Natriumchlorid [German]; Purex; Rock salt; SS salt; Saline; Salt; Salt (ingredient); Sea salt; Slow Sodium; Sodium chloric; Sodium chloride; Sodium chloride (Na4Cl4); Sodium chloride (NaCl); Sodium chloride brine, purified; Sodium monochloride; Table salt; Top flake; Trisodium trichloride; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Water soluble, white crystals; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

"Sodium chloride (NaCl). A colorless, cubic crystal or white, crystalline powder, found widely distributed over the earth, in sea water, etc., which is a necessary constituent of the body and consequently of the diet. It makes up over 90 percent of the inorganic constituents of the blood serum and is the principal salt involved in maintaining osmotic tension of the blood and tissues. (From Dorland, 27th ed)" [ChemIDplus] Used in the hide preservation and pickling stages of leather production; [PMID 21938525]

Comments

An eye irritant; Toxic after ingestion of large amounts; [CAMEO]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Fact Sheet: Inorganic halides - 1993

Exposure Assessment
Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 42,000 mg/m3/1H

Explanatory Notes

mp = 1474.0 deg F; VP = 1 mm Hg at 1589.0 deg F; [CAMEO]

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: