Agent Name

Polyacrylamides

CAS Number

9003-05-8

Formula

(C3-H5-N-O)x-

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

2-Propenamide, homopolymer; AP 273; Acrylamide homopolymer; Acrylamide polymer; Acrylamide, polymers; Aerofloc 3453; American Cyanamid KPAM; American Cyanamid P-250; Aminogen PA; Bio-Gel P 2; BioGel P-100; Cyanamer P 250; Cyanamer P 35; Cytame 5; Diaclear MA 3000H; Dow 164; Dow ET 597; Dow J 100; ET 597; Flokonit E; Flygtol GB; Gelamide 250; Himoloc OK 507; Himoloc SS 200; J 100; J 100 (VAN); J 100 (polymer); K 4 (acrylic polymer); K-PAM; Magnafloc R 292; Nacolyte 673; P 250; P 250 (VAN); P 250 (polymer); P 300; PAA; PAA 1 (homopolymer); PAA 70L; PAA-1; PAA-1 (VAN); PAARK 123sh; PAM; PAM (VAN); PAM (polymer); PAM-50; PAM-50 (VAN); Pamid; Percol 720; Poly(2-propenamide); Polyacrylamide; Polyacrylamide resin; Polyhall 27; Polyhall 402; Polystolon; Polystoron; Porisutoron; Praestol 2800; Q 41F; Reten 420; Sanpoly A 520; Solvitose 433; Stipix AD; Stokopol D 2624; Sumirez A 17; Sumirez A 27; Sumitex A 1; Superfloc 84; Superfloc 900; Sursolan P 5; Taloflote; Versicol W 11; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Polymers

Description

Supplied as powders, emulsions, and solutions; Soluble in polar solvents such as water; Stable below 210 deg C, but amide groups decompose to ammonia above 210 deg C; [Ullmann]

Sources/Uses

Mainly used as a flocculant for water clarification: boiler water pretreatment and treatment of wastewater from paper mills and sewage plants; Also used in paper finishing (a strengthening agent), oil production (drilling fluids and flooding fluids), mining (plugging underground strata), agriculture (growing medium and seed coating), and to control dust in open rail cars and trucks; [Ullmann]

Comments

Contains < 0.2% acrylamide monomer; Toxicity by ingestion is low. [Sax] Relatively nontoxic, but the monomers are toxic; Care should be taken to limit the concentration of unreacted monomers; Control fumes by venting processes to scrubbers or laboratory fume hoods; [Ullmann] See "Acrylamide."

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