Agent Name

5-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-furaldehyde

CAS Number

67-47-0

Formula

C6-H6-O3

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2-Hydroxymethyl-5-furfural; 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfurole; 5-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-furancarbonal; 5-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-furancarboxaldehyde; 5-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-furfural; 5-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-furfuraldehyde; 5-(Hydroxymethyl)furfural; 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-formylfuran; 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furfuraldehyde; 5-Hydroxymethylfuraldehyde; 5-Hydroxymethylfuran-2-aldehyde; 5-Oxymethylfurfurole; HMF; Hydroxymethylfurfural; Hydroxymethylfurfuraldehyde; Hydroxymethylfurfurole; 2-Furaldehyde, 5-(hydroxymethyl)-; 2-Furancarboxaldehyde, 5-(hydroxymethyl)-; 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Aldehydes

Description

Solid with an odor of chamomile flowers; mp = 31.5 deg C; [Merck Index] Beige or yellow hygroscopic solid; mp = 32-35 deg C; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to make dialdehydes, glycols, ethers, aminoalcohols, and acetals; [Merck Index] A flavoring agent that naturally occurs in some foods and alcoholic beverages; [ExPub: EFSA] "Renewable building block for organic syntheses." [HSDB] Formed when sugars such as fructose or glucose are heated in the presence of amino acids, and is ubiquitous in the diet; Also used to make phenol/furfural resins; [NTP]

Comments

No evidence of carcinogenicity in 2-year studies of mice and rats; [NTP] A skin and strong eye irritant; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Furfural."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.00528 mm Hg

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