Agent Name

Sodium nitrate

CAS Number

7631-99-4

Formula

H-N-O3.Na

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Chile saltpeter; Cubic niter; Niter; Niter (VAN); Nitrate de sodium [French]; Nitrate of soda; Nitratine; Nitric acid monosodium salt; Nitric acid, sodium salt; Saltpeter (Chile); Saltpeter (Chile) (VAN); Soda niter; Sodium nitrate; Sodium nitrate(DOT); Sodium saltpeter; Sodium(I) nitrate (1:1); etabisulfite; [ChemIDplus] UN1498

Category

Nitrates and Nitrites

Description

White crystals soluble in water; [CAMEO] Colorless to white deliquescent crystals, granules, or powder; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

Used in explosives, fertilizers, and many other products; [CAMEO] Used in photography (color bleach bath); [www.ci.tucson.az.us/arthazards/medium.html]

Comments

Toxic by ingestion; [CAMEO] Negligible vapor at room temperature; A skin, eye, and respiratory tract irritant; A potential inducer of methemoglobinemia; [ICSC]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

mp = 584.2 deg F; Decomposes at 716 deg F; [CAMEO]

Adverse Effects
Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

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Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

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