Agent Name

Ammonium sulfate

CAS Number

7783-20-2

Formula

H8-N2-O4-S

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Actamaster; Ammonium hydrogen sulfate; Ammonium sulfate; Ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4); Ammonium sulfate (2:1); Ammonium sulfate (solution); Ammonium sulphate; Diammonium sulfate; Diammonium sulphate; Dolamin; Mascagnite; Sulfatom ammoniya [Russian]; Sulfuric acid, diammonium salt; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Ammonium Compounds

Description

White solid that dissolves in water to produce an acidic solution; [CAMEO] Availble in solutions of 7%, 20%, and 40%; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

Used to produce aluminum ammonium sulfate, H2SO4, and viscose silk; Also used in fabrics and paper (flame proofing), tanning, galvanizing, protein fractionation, and fertilizer (commercial grade); [Merck Index] Also used as a food additive and water purification agent; [Hawley] Used as a dough strengthener at <0.15% for baked goods and at <0.1% for gelatins and puddings; [CFR: Food Substances Generally Recognized as Safe]

Comments

May cause diuresis (increased urination) if ingested in large amounts; [HSDB]

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

Decomposes at 536 deg F; Very soluble in water; A very weak acid; VP = approximately zero; [CHEMINFO]

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Biomedical References

Search PubMed

Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure:

Activities

Activities with risk of exposure: