Agent Name

alpha-Chloralose

CAS Number

15879-93-3

Formula

C8-H11-Cl3-O6

Major Category

Pesticides

Synonyms

(R)-1,2-O-(2,2,2-Trichloroethylidene)-alpha-D-glucofuranose; AGC; Alfamat; alpha-D-Glucochloralose; Alphachloralose; Alphakil; Anhydroglucochloral; Aphosal; Chloralosane; Chloralose; Chloralosum [INN-Latin]; Chloroalosane; Cloralosa [INN-Spanish]; Dorcalm; Dulcidor; Glucochloral [ISO-French]; Glucochloralose; Kalmettumsomniferum; Krakalos; Murex; Perglucorat; Somio; alpha-D-Glucofuranose, 1,2-O-((1R)-2,2,2-trichloroethylidene)-; alpha-D-Glucofuranose, 1,2-O-(2,2,2-trichloroethylidene)-, - (9CI); alpha-D-Glucofuranose, 1,2-O-(2,2,2-trichloroethylidene)-, (theta)-; [ChemIDplus] 1,2-O-[(1R)-2,2,2-Trichloroethylidene]-alpha-D-glucofuranose; [Merck Index]

Category

Rodenticides

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

"A derivative of CHLORAL HYDRATE that was used as a sedative but has been replaced by safer and more effective drugs. Its most common use is as a general anesthetic in animal experiments." [ChemIDplus] Used as a rodenticide, to control avian pests, as a sedative, hypnotic, and surgical anesthetic for laboratory animals; [Merck Index] Registered in the EC for use as a rodenticide; [ToxPlanet: CPS&Q: Assessment Report] No active pesticide product registrations in the US; [NPIRS]

Comments

Chloral hydrate is one of the main metabolites; Not a skin or eye irritant or skin sensitizer; Causes CNS depression; Not a reproductive or developmental toxicant; No evidence of carcinogenicity; [ToxPlanet: CPS&Q: Assessment Report] An irritant; Toxic by ingestion; Harmful by inhalation; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Chloral hydrate."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

2.81E-9 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 1,990 mg/m3

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: