Agent Name

Amines, C12-14-tert-alkyl

Alternative Name

Primene 81-R

CAS Number

68955-53-3

Formula

Unspecified

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

t-Alkyl (C12-C14) primary amines; Primene 81-R; [ChemIDplus] Primene 81-R Amines; [EPA ChAMP: Initial Risk-Based Prioritization] Amines, C12-C14 tert alkyl; [ToxPlanet: ECHA REACH Registrations] C12-C14 t-alkyl amines and related reaction products; [Rohm and Haas MSDS] UN2922

Category

Amines, Aliphatic

Description

Light colored liquid with an odor of amines; [Rohm and Haas MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a fuel, lubricant additive, in surfactants, dyes, refinery processing, and metalworking fluids; [EPA ChAMP: Initial Risk-Based Prioritization] Used to formulate fuels-fuel additives, lubricants-greases, metal surface treatment products (including those for galvanizing and electroplating), inks-toners, hydraulic fluids, processing aids (i.e. pH regulators, flocculants, and precipitants), metalworking fluids, and textile dyes-finishes-impregnating products; [ToxPlanet: ECHA REACH Registrations]

Comments

Corrosive to skin and eyes in rabbits; Delayed contact hypersensitivity but no contact sensitization observed in Buehler tests of guinea pigs; Histopathological changes of the nasal cavity and respiratory tract observed in 4-week inhalation study of rats at concentrations of 129 mg/m3 and above; Developmental toxicity (in the presence of parental toxicity) noted in oral but not dermal studies of rats; [EPA ChAMP: Qualitative Screening-Level Risk Characterization] Causes burns; May cause skin sensitization; Harmful by ingestion; Highly toxic by inhalation; Toxic by skin absorption; [ToxPlanet: ECHA REACH Registrations] Causes burns; A respiratory tract irritant; May cause skin sensitization; Harmful by ingestion and skin absorption; Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause adrenal and reproductive effects; [Rohm and Haas MSDS] See "tert-Butylamine."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.36 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 157 ppm/4hr

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive liquid, toxic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: