Agent Name

Citric acid

CAS Number

77-92-9

Formula

C6-H8-O7

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

1,2,3-Propanetricarboxylic acid, 2-hydroxy-; 2-Hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid; 2-Hydroxypropanetricarboxylic acid; 2-Hydroxytricarballylic acid; 3-Carboxy-3-hydroxypentane-1,5-dioic acid; Aciletten; Anhydrous citric acid; Chemfill; Citretten; Citric acid; Citric acid, anhydrous; Citro; F 0001 (polycarboxylic acid); Hydrocerol A; Kyselina 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propantrikarbonova [Czech]; Kyselina citronova [Czech]; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Colorless and odorless crystals , it has an acid taste; [CAMEO] Deliquescent; [CHEMINFO]

Sources/Uses

"A Compound from citrus fruits that is an intermediate in the tricarboxylic acid (Krebs) cycle. It is used as an acidifying agent in foods, beverages, and pharmaceuticals. Citrate chelates calcium ions and prevents blood clotting. It is also used as an anticoagulant for stored whole blood and red cells and also for blood specimens. (Dorland, 28th ed)" [ChemIDplus]

Comments

An irritant to the throat and eyes; [CAMEO] Concentrated solutions can cause severe eye damage and blindness; Animals fed 1.2% citric acid for 90 weeks showed no adverse effects except erosion of tooth enamel. [CHEMINFO]

Reference Link

EPA Pesticide Chemical Search

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

3.7E-9 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

mp = 307.0 deg F (anhydrous); [CAMEO]

Adverse Effects
Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.