Agent Name

Cetalkonium chloride

CAS Number

122-18-9

Formula

C25-H46-N.Cl

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Cetyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride; N-Hexadecyl-N,N-dimethylbenzenemethanaminium chloride; Acinol; Ammonium, benzylhexadecyldimethyl-, chloride; Ammonyx G; Baktonium; Banicol; Benzaletas; Benzenemethanaminium, N-hexadecyl-N,N-dimethyl-, chloride; Benzyl hexadecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride; Benzylcetyldimethylammonium chloride; Benzyldimethylcetylammonium chloride; Benzyldimethylhexadecylammonium chloride; Benzylhexadecyldimethylammonium chloride; Bicetonium; Bonjela; Cdbac; Cetalconio cloruro [DCIT]; Cetalkonii chloridum [INN-Latin]; Cetol; Cetyl zephiran; Cetylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride; Cetyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride; Cetylon; Chlorure de cetalkonium [INN-French]; Cloruro de cetalconio [INN-Spanish]; Dehyquart CBB; Dehyquart CDB; Dimethylbenzylcetylammonium chloride; Dimethylbenzylhexadecylammonium chloride; Dmcbac; Hexadecylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride; Hexadecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride; N-Benzyl-N-cetyldimethylammonium chloride; n-Hexadecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride; Pharycidin concentrate; Rodalon; Spilan; Tetraseptan; WIN 357; Winzer solution; Zettyn; [ChemIDplus] Benzylhexadecyldimethylammonium chloride; Acetoquat CDAC; Acquat CDAC; [Merck Index] UN3261

Category

Quaternary Amines

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

A quaternary surfactant used as a germicide/fungicide in leather processing, textile dyeing, and silicone-based water repellents; [Merck Index]

Comments

A mild to moderate eye irritant; Oral lethal-dose (rat) >500 mg/kg; [RTECS] Quaternary ammonium compounds are corrosive in concentrated solutions and may cause skin sensitization from repeated occupational exposure; [Reference #1] Causes burns; Toxic by ingestion and skin absorption; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Reference Link

INCHEM PIM: Quaternary Ammonium Compounds - Peer Review 1999

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Corrosive solid, acidic, organic, n.o.s."

Reference Link

Occupational contact dermatitis to Mikrobac Extra in 8 hospital cleaners.

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: