Agent Name

Ammonium carbonate

CAS Number

506-87-6

Formula

C-H2-O3.2H3-N

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Ammonia sesquicarbonate; Ammonium carbonate; Ammoniumcarbonat [German]; Carbonate d'ammoniaque [French]; Carbonic acid, diammonium salt; Diammonium carbonate; [ChemIDplus] NA9084

Category

Ammonium Compounds

Description

Colorless crystals or white powder with strong ammonia odor; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used in synthesis of other chemicals; [CAMEO] Has been use therapeutically in smelling salts and expectorants; [HSDB] Used in baking powder, fire extinguishers, plastics, ceramics, compost heaps, and cold wave solutions; Also used to defat wool, to tan leather, to process cacao, to manufacture rubber, and to fix dyes in fabrics (mordant); [Merck Index]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; [CAMEO]

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

Odor threshold <5 ppm as ammonia gas; [DHRIS]

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Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: