Agent Name

Bromoacetic acid

CAS Number

79-08-3

Formula

C2-H3-Br-O2

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Bromoacetate; 2-Bromoacetic acid; Acetic acid, bromo-, (solution); Acide bromacetique [French]; Bromoacetate ion; Bromoethanoic acid; Kyselina bromoctova [Czech]; Monobromessigsaeure [German]; Monobromoacetic acid; Acetic acid, 2-bromo-; Acetic acid, bromo-; Bromoacetic acid, solid; Bromoacetic acid, solution; [ChemIDplus] alpha-Bromoacetic acid; alpha-Bromoethanoic acid; Carboxymethyl bromide; [CAMEO] UN3425; UN1938

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Hygroscopic solid; [Merck Index] Colorless deliquescent solid; [CAMEO] Colorless hygroscopic crystals; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to induce fruit for citrus fruit harvesting; [CAMEO] Used in organic syntheses; [HSDB] Used to make fine chemicals and as a biocide (cleaning products, disinfectants, and pest control products); [ToxPlanet: ECHA REACH Registrations]

Comments

Causes somnolence, rigidity, and respiratory depression in oral lethal-dose studies of rats; [RTECS] Corrosive; [Merck Index] Causes irritation and burns to skin and mucous membranes; [HSDB] Causes burns; May cause skin sensitization; Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; [ToxPlanet: ECHA REACH Registrations] Causes burns and lachrymation; Inhalation may cause corrosive injuries to upper respiratory tract; May cause respiratory sensitization; Toxic by inhalation; Highly toxic by ingestion and skin absorption; Targets the kidney and liver; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Chloroacetic acid."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.11 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LCLo (rat) = 114,000 mg/m3/30min

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Lacrimator

Yes

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: