Agent Name

Sodium bicarbonate

CAS Number

144-55-8

Formula

C-H2-O3.Na

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Acidosan; Baking soda; Bicarbonate of soda; Carbonic acid monosodium salt; Col-evac; Jusonin; Meylon; Monosodium carbonate; Monosodium hydrogen carbonate; Natrii hydrogencarbonas; Natrium bicarbonicum; Natrium hydrogencarbonicum; Natriumhydrogenkarbonat; Natron; Neut; Sel De vichy; Soda (van); Soda Mint; Sodium acid carbonate; Sodium bicarbonate; Sodium carbonate (Na(HCO3)); Sodium hydrocarbonate; Sodium hydrogen carbonate; Soludal; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Salts, Basic

Description

Odorless, white crystals; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used in baking powder and other food additives; Used in soaps, detergents, mouthwashes, antacids, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics; fire extinguishers, animal feed additives, and in the production of many other chemicals; Also used in leather tanning and paper production; [CHEMINFO]

Comments

A skin and eye irritant; May cause alkalosis if ingested in large amounts; [CAMEO]

Exposure Assessment
Lethal Concentration

LC (rat) = > 900 mg/m3

Explanatory Notes

Melting point = 228 deg F (decomposes); [CAMEO]

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: