Agent Name

Nitrogen pentoxide

CAS Number

10102-03-1

Formula

N2-O5

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

Dinitrogen pentaoxide; [ChemIDplus] Nitric anhydride; [Merck Index]

Category

Other Nitrogen Compounds

Description

Colorless solid; mp = 30 deg C; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

Used in chloroform solution as a nitrating agent; [Merck Index]

Comments

Nitrogen oxides are toxic to the lung by inhalation; Effects include upper respiratory tract irritation, cough, conjunctivitis, dyspnea, headache, and delayed pulmonary edema; About half of those who survive pulmonary edema develop bronchiolitis obliterans; May form nitric acid (corrosive) on contact with body moisture; Toxicology of nitrogen pentoxide is largely unknown; [Reference #1] See "Nitrogen dioxide."

Reference Link

INCHEM PIM: Nitrogen Pentoxide - Peer Review 1992

Exposure Assessment
Adverse Effects
Chronic Bronchitis

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Fibrogenic

Yes

Methemoglobinemia

Methemoglobinemia, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: