Agent Name

Ethanolamine hydrochloride

CAS Number

2002-24-6

Formula

C2-H7-N-O.Cl-H

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2-Aminoethanol HCl; 2-Aminoethanol hydrochloride; beta-Aminoethanol hydrochloride; Colamine hydrochloride; Ethanolamine chloride; Ethanolamine HCl; MEA hydrochloride; Monoethanolamine hydrochloride; 2-Hydroxyethylammonium chloride; Ethanol, 2-amino-, hydrochloride; [ChemIDplus] MEA HCl; [ToxPlanet: EPA - TSCATS]

Category

Ethanolamines

Description

Deliquescent solid; [Merck Index] White hygroscopic powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to remove carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide from natural gas and in the production of surfactants, antibiotics, polishes, hair waving solutions, and emulsifiers; Also used as a softening agent (hides) and dispersing agent (agricultural chemicals); [Merck Index]

Comments

Decreased average litter size and increased post-implantation loss observed in 2-generation oral study of rats at doses maternally toxic (1,000 mg/kg/day); [ToxPlanet: EPA - TSCATS] A skin and strong eye irritant; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Ethanolamine."

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: