Agent Name

Decahydronaphthalene

Alternative Name

Decalin

CAS Number

91-17-8

Formula

C10-H18

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

Bicyclo(4.4.0)decane; DEC; De-kalin; Decalin; Dekalin; Dekalina [Polish]; Naphthalane; Naphthalene, decahydro-; Naphthan; Perhydronaphthalene; [ChemIDplus]UN 1147

Category

Naphthalenes

Description

Clear liquid with an aromatic odor; [CAMEO]

Sources/Uses

Used as a solvent for naphthalene, fats, resins, oils, waxes, rubber, lacquers, shoe polishes, floor waxes, and lubricants; Used as a motor fuel additive, metal cleaner, spot remover, and stove fuel; [HSDB]

Comments

Causes liver and kidney injury in animal experiments; [HSDB] Defats skin and irritates nose and throat; [CAMEO] A skin and eye irritant; [Hawley] Causes CNS effects; [ICSC]

Exposure Assessment
MAK

5 ppm

Vapor Pressure

2.3 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 710ppm/4H

Explanatory Notes

Flash point = 134 deg. F; [CAMEO]

Flammability (NFPA)

2: High ambient temperature required

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

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