Agent Name

(L)-Ethyl lactate

Alternative Name

Ethyl (S)-2-hydroxypropionate

CAS Number

687-47-8

Formula

C5-H10-O3

Major Category

Solvents

Synonyms

(L)-(-)-Ethyl lactate; Ethyl (S)-2-hydroxypropionate; Propanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, ethyl ester, (2S)-; (-)-Ethyl lactate; Lactic acid, ethyl ester, (S); [ChemIDplus] Purasolv EL; Purasolv ELECT; Purasolv ELS; [IUCLID] (-)-Ethyl L-lactate; Ethyl L-lactate; (-)-Ethyl (S)-2-hydroxypropionate; (S)-(-)-2-Hydroxypropionic acid ethyl ester; L-Lactic acid ethyl ester; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] UN1192

Category

Esters (<C12)

Description

Clear colorless liquid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to formulate plant protection products, biocidal products, washing-cleaning products, polishes-waxes, air care products, laboratory chemicals, functional fluids (lubricants, greases, heat transfer fluids, and metal working fluids), paints-coatings-printing inks, textile and leather finishing products, antifreeze and de-icing products, fillers-putties-plasters, adhesives-sealants, paper-board processing products (dyes, finishing, impregnation), fuels, adsorbents, processing aids (i.e. pH regulators, flocculants, and precipitants), pharmaceuticals, polymers, water softeners and treatment chemicals, surface treatment products for the electronics industry, metal surface treatment products (including those for galvanizing and electroplating), non-metal surface treatment products, perfumes-fragrances, and cosmetics-personal care products; [ExPub: ECHA REACH Registrations] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]

Comments

Not a skin irritant in rabbits; No skin sensitization observed in in vivo assay of mice; No developmental toxicity observed in chronic dermal studies of rats; May cause serious eye injury; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Ethyl lactate."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.6 mm Hg

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) > 5,400 mg/m3/4hr

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Ethyl lactate."

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

CNS Solvent Syndrome

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: