Agent Name

Cystamine dihydrochloride

CAS Number

56-17-7

Formula

C4-H12-N2-S2.2Cl-H

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

2,2'-Dithio-bis-(ethylamine) dihydrochloride; 2-Aminoethyl disulfide dihydrochloride; AED; Bis(2-aminoethyl) disulfide dihydrochloride; Cystamin dihydrochloride; Cystamine HCl; Cystamine hydrochloride; Ethanamine, 2,2'-dithiobis-, dihydrochloride; 2,2'-Dithiodi(ethylammonium) dichloride; Ethanamine, 2,2'-dithiobis-, hydrochloride (1:2); Ethylamine, 2,2'-dithiobis-, dihydrochloride; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Sulfur Compounds

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White odorless hygroscopic powder; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

"An anti-infective agent most commonly used in the treatment of urinary tract infections. Its anti-infective action derives from the slow release of formaldehyde by hydrolysis at acidic pH. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p173)" [ChemIDplus]

Comments

Causes depressed renal function tests in acute inhalation studies of rats; Causes somnolence, convulsions, and respiratory depression in oral lethal-dose studies of rats and mice; [RTECS] May cause irritation; Harmful by ingestion; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Cystamine. "

Adverse Effects
Neurotoxin

Other CNS Neurotoxin

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Other Information

No other related information on this agent was found.