Agent Name

Glycolaldehyde

CAS Number

141-46-8

Formula

C2-H4-O2

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Diose; GLYCOALDEHYDE; Glycolic aldehyde; Hydroxyacetaldehyde; Methylol formaldehyde; Monomethylolformaldehyde; Acetaldehyde, hydroxy- (9CI); [ChemIDplus] 2-Hydroxyethanal; Glycollic aldehyde; Methylolformaldehyde; [Merck Index] Glycoaldehyde dimer; [Riedel-de Haen MSDS]

Category

Monosaccharides and Derivatives

Description

Transparent colorless solid; [Merck Index]

Sources/Uses

The simplest possible monosaccharide; Used as a starting material and reagent in organic synthesis; [Merck Index] "Glycolaldehyde forms from many precursors, including the amino acid glycine. It can form by action of ketolase on fructose 1,6-bisphosphate in an alternate glycolysis pathway. This compound is transferred by thiamine pyrophosphate during the pentose phosphate shunt." [Wikipedia]

Comments

Causes other changes of the kidney, ureter, and bladder in oral lethal-dose studies of rats; [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Riedel-de Haen MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

4.97 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
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Other Information

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