Agent Name

Hydrocarbons, terpene processing by-products

CAS Number

68956-56-9

Formula

Unspecified

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

Terpene hydrocarbons, by product; [ChemIDplus] UN2319; UN2052 (Dipentene)

Category

Terpenes

Description

Colorless liquid; [Acros Organics MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Monoterpene hydrocarbons are found in all plants and common in foods; Used as intermediates, odor agents, flavoring agents, and solvents for cleaning and degreasing in products including soaps, detergents, automotive care products, rubber and plastic products, polishes, and sanitation products; [Reference #1] Used to make large scale and fine chemicals, to formulate fragrances, adhesives-sealants, coatings-inks, binders-release agents, metal working fluids-rolling oils, mining chemicals, lubricants, functional fluids, blowing agents, fuels, cleaning agents, laboratory reagents, in oil and gas field drilling and production, polymer processing, rubber production, de-icing and anti-icing applications, road and construction operations, agrochemicals, explosives manufacture and use, and various consumer products; [ExPub: ECHA REACH Registrations] Permitted for use as an inert ingredient in non-food pesticide products; [EPA]

Comments

Composed of 67-95% monoterpene hydrocarbons; Members of the monoterpene hydrocarbons category demonstrate skin sensitization in guinea pigs and humans; Histopathological liver changes in repeated-dose oral studies of mice at 1,000 mg/kg/day; [Reference #1] A skin and eye irritant; May cause skin sensitization; An aspiration hazard by ingestion (may cause lung injury); [Acros Organics MSDS]

Reference Link

EPA ChAMP: Hazard Characterization: Monoterpene Hydrocarbons Category - 2009

Exposure Assessment
Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Terpene hydrocarbons, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

Search TOXNET

Chemical Information

Search ChemIDplus

Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent:

Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: