Agent Name

L-Canavanine

CAS Number

543-38-4

Formula

C5-H12-N4-O3

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(L)-Canavanine; Butyric acid, 2-amino-4-(guanidinooxy)-, L-; Canavanin; Canavanine; L-Homoserine, O-((aminoiminomethyl)amino)-; O-((Aminoiminomethyl)amino)-L-homoserine; [ChemIDplus] L-2-Amino-4-(guanidinooxy)butyric acid; [Merck Index] L-alpha-Amino-gamma-(guanidinooxy)-n-butyric acid; Canavanine, crude; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Category

Amino Acids and Derivatives

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] Powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Non-protein amino acid found in leguminous plants; [Merck Index] Used in biochemical research; [HSDB]

Comments

Causes altered sleep time (including change in righting reflex) and muscle contraction or spasticity in subcutaneous lethal-dose studies of rats (LD50 = 5,900 mg/kg); [RTECS] May cause irritation and anemia; Harmful by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; Targets the blood, pancreas, and female reproductive system; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Guanidine." See "L-Serine."

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