Agent Name

Carnosine

CAS Number

305-84-0

Formula

C9-H14-N4-O3

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

beta-Alanyl-L-histidine; Ignotine; Karnozin; Karnozzn; L-Carnosine; N-2-M; L-Histidine, beta-alanyl-; L-Histidine, N-beta-alanyl-; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Amino Acids and Derivatives

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White crystalline solid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Dipeptide present in skeletal muscle, brain, heart, and kidney; A water soluble antioxidant that functions as a free-radicle scavenger; [Merck Index]

Comments

Causes somnolence, muscle contraction, and respiratory depression in oral and intraperitoneal lethal-dose studies of mice; [RTECS] Not considered hazardous by GHS classification; Reproductive toxicity observed in rats by intraperitoneal exposure; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

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