Agent Name

Levulinic acid

CAS Number

123-76-2

Formula

C5-H8-O3

Major Category

Other Classes

Synonyms

3-Acetylpropionic acid; 3-Acetylpropionsaeure; 3-Ketobutane-1-carboxylic acid; 4-Ketovaleric acid; 4-Oxopentanoic acid; 4-Oxopentansaeure; 4-Oxovaleric acid; Acetopropionic acid; Acidum laevulinicum; beta-Acetylpropionic acid; gamma-Ketovaleric acid; Laevulic acid; Laevulinic acid; LEVA; Levulic acid; Levulinsaeure; Pentanoic acid, 4-oxo-; Propionic acid, 3-acetyl-; Valeric acid, 4-oxo-; [ChemIDplus] gamma-Oxopentanoic acid; gamma-Oxovaleric acid; [JECFA]

Category

Organic Acids

Description

Solid; Product of industry is yellow; mp = 33-35 deg C; [Merck Index] Solid; mp = 30-33 deg C; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to make nylon, synthetic rubber, plastic, and medicinals; [Merck Index] Used as a flavoring agent; [FDA] Used to flavor animal feeds; [ExPub: EFSA - FEEDAP]

Comments

A moderate skin irritant; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [JECFA] A skin and strong eye irritant; Harmful by ingestion; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Links to Other NLM Databases
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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: