Agent Name

Ethyl acrylate

Alternative Name

Acrylic acid, ethyl ester

CAS Number

140-88-5

Formula

C5-H8-O2

Major Category

Plastics & Rubber

Synonyms

2-Propenoic acid, ethyl ester; Acrylate d'ethyle [French]; Acrylic acid, ethyl ester; Acrylic acid, ethyl ester (inhibited); Acrylsaeureaethylester [German]; Aethylacrylat [German]; Akrylanem etylu [Polish]; Carboset 511; Ethoxycarbonylethylene; Ethyl 2-propenoate; Ethyl acrylate (natural); Ethyl acrylate, inhibited; Ethyl propenoate; Ethylacrylaat [Dutch]; Ethylakrylat [Czech]; Ethylester kyseliny akrylove [Czech]; Etil acrilato [Italian]; Etilacrilatului [Romanian]; [ChemIDplus]

Category

(Meth)acrylates

Description

Colorless liquid with an acrid odor; [NIOSH]

Sources/Uses

Used to make acrylic resins for fibers, adhesives, binders, surface coatings, textiles, paper, and leather; [ACGIH]

Comments

Liquid causes first degree burns on short exposure. [CHRIS] Pulmonary edema may result from inhalation of high concentrations. [NJ-HSFS] Merck Index # 3759; A lachrymator; Causes damage to the liver, kidneys, and lungs in high-dose animal experiments; [HSDB] Danger of skin sensitization; [MAK]

Reference Link

Sensitization to patch test acrylates

Exposure Assessment
Skin Designation (ACGIH)

Insufficient data

TLV (ACGIH)

5 ppm

STEL (ACGIH)

15 ppm

PEL (OSHA)

25 ppm

MAK

2 ppm

IDLH (NIOSH)

300 ppm

Excerpts from Documentation for IDLHs

Human data: Prolonged inhalation exposures at 50 to 75 ppm produced drowsiness, headache, and nausea [Nemec and Bauer 1978].

Vapor Pressure

29 mm Hg

Odor Threshold Low

0.0002 ppm

Odor Threshold High

0.0013 ppm

RD50

315 ppm

Lethal Concentration

LC50 (rat) = 1,414 ppm/4H

Explanatory Notes

Detection odor threshold from AIHA (mean = 0.00024 ppm);

Reference Link

ICSC: Ethyl acrylate

Flammability (NFPA)

3: May ignite at ambient temperature

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Lacrimator

Yes

Toxic Pneumonitis

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Dermatotoxin

Skin Burns

IARC Carcinogen

Possible Carcinogen

ACGIH Carcinogen

Not Classifiable

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: