Agent Name

Paclitaxel

CAS Number

33069-62-4

Formula

C47-H51-N-O14

Major Category

Other Uses

Synonyms

Infinnium; (2aR,4S,4aS,6R,9S,11S,12S,12aR,12bS)-1,2a,3,4,4a,6,9,10,11,12,12a,12b-Dodecahydro-4,6,9,11,12,12b-hexahydroxy-4a,8,13,13-tetramethyl-7,11-methano-5H-cyclodeca(3,4)benz(1,2-b)oxet-5-one 6,12b-diacetate, 12-benzoate, 9-ester with (2R,3S)-N-benzoyl-3-phenylisoserine; (2aR-(2aalpha,4beta,4abeta,6beta,9alpha(alpha R*,betaS*),11alpha,12alpha,12balpha))-beta-(Benzoylamino)-alpha-hydroxybenzenepropanoic acid 6,12b-bis(acetyloxy)-12-(benzoyloxy)-2a,3,4,4a,5,6,9,10,11,12,12a,12b-dodecahydro-4,11-dihydroxy-4a,8,13,13-tetramethyl-5-oxo-7,11-methano-1H-cyclodeca(3,4)benz(1,2-b)oxet-9-yl ester; (NAB)-Paclitaxel; 5beta,20-Epoxy-1,2-alpha,4,7beta,10beta,13alpha-hexahydroxytax-11-en-9-one 4,10-diacetate 2-benzoate 13-ester with (2R,3S)-N-benzoyl-3-phenylisoserine; ABI 007; ABI-007; Abraxane; Abraxane I.V. Suspension; BMS 181339-01; BMS-181339-01; Capxol; Coroflex Please; Cyclopax; Cynviloq; Cypher select; DHP 107; DRG-0190; Ebetaxel; EmPAC; EndoTAG 1; EndoTAG-1; Genaxol; Genetaxyl; Genexol; IG 001; Intaxel; LEP-ETU; LipoPac; Liposome-entrapped paclitaxel easy-to-use; MBT 0206; Mitotax; Nab-paclitaxel; Nanoparticle albumin bound paclitaxel; Nanoxel; NK 105; OncoGel; Onxol; Pacliex; Padexol; Paxceed; Paxene; Plaxicel; QW 8184; Sindaxel; TaxAlbin; Taxol; Taxol A; Taxus Express; Taxus Liberte; Taxus stent; Yewtaxan; Zisu; Benzenepropanoic acid, beta-(benzoylamino)-alpha-hydroxy-, (2aR,4S,4aS,6R,9S,11S,12S,12aR,12bS)-6,12b-bis(acetyloxy)-12-(benzoyloxy)-2a,3,4,4a,5,6,9,10,11,12,12a,12b-dodecahydro-4,11-dihydroxy-4a,8,13,13-tetramethyl-5-oxo-7,11-methano-1H-cyclodeca(3,4)benz(1,2-b)oxet-9-yl ester, (alphaR,betaS)-; Benzenepropanoic acid, beta-(benzoylamino)-alpha-hydroxy-, 6,12b-bis(acetyloxy)-12-(benzoyloxy)-2a,3,4,4a,5,6,9,10,11,12,12a,12b-dodecahydro-4,11-dihydroxy-4a,8,13,13-tetramethyl-5-oxo-7,11-methano-1H-cyclodeca(3,4)benz(1,2-b)oxet-9-yl ester, (2aR-(2a-alpha,4-beta,4a-beta,6-beta,9-alpha(alpha-R*,beta-S*),11-alpha,12-alpha,12a-alpha, 12b-alpha))-; Benzenepropanoic acid, beta-(benzoylamino)-alpha-hydroxy-, 6,12b-bis(acetyloxy)-12-(benzoyloxy)-2a,3,4,4a,5,6,9,10,11,12,12a,12b-dodecahydro-4,11-dihydroxy-4a,8,13,13-tetramethyl-5-oxo-7,11-methano-1H-cyclodeca(3,4)benz(1,2-b)oxet-9-yl ester, (2aR-(2aalpha,4beta,4abeta,6beta,9alpha(alphaR*,betaS*),11alpha,12alpha,12aalpha,12balpha))-; Tax-11-en-9-one, 5beta,20-epoxy-1,2alpha,4,7beta,10beta,13alpha- hexahydroxy-, 4,10-diacetate 2-benzoate, 13-ester with (2R,3S)-N-benzoyl-3-phenylisoserine (8CI); [ChemIDplus]

Category

Biochemical Research

Description

Solid; [Merck Index] White to off-white solid; [HSDB] Powder; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

"A compound extracted from the Pacific yew tree Taxus brevifolia with antineoplastic activity. Paclitaxel binds to tubulin and inhibits the disassembly of microtubules, thereby resulting in the inhibition of cell division. This agent also induces apoptosis by binding to and blocking the function of the apoptosis inhibitor protein Bcl-2 (B-cell Leukemia 2). (NCI Thesaurus)" [ChemIDplus] Used to study microtubules and as an antineoplastic; [Merck Index]

Comments

An irritant that may cause serious eye injury; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization; May cause liver and kidney injury and bone depression; Suspected mutagen and of being toxic to fertility or the developing child; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Asthma

Yes

Hepatotoxin

Hepatotoxin, Secondary

Links to Other NLM Databases
Health Studies

Human Health Effects from Hazardous Substances Data Bank:

Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Biomedical References

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: