Agent Name

Phenethyl isothiocyanate

CAS Number

2257-09-2

Formula

C9-H9-N-S

Major Category

Nitrogen Compounds

Synonyms

2-Phenylethyl isothiocyanate; ; Benzene, (2-isothiocyanatoethyl)-; Phenethyl mustard oil; Phenylaethylsenfoel [German]; Phenylethyl isothiocyanate; Phenylethyl mustard oil; Isothiocyanic acid, phenethyl ester; [ChemIDplus] (2-Isothiocyanatoethyl)benzene; PEITC; [Merck Index] beta-Phenethyl isothiocyanate; beta-Phenylethyl isothiocyanate; [RTECS] UN2206

Category

Isothiocyanates

Description

Colorless to pale yellow liquid; [Merck Index] Clear colorless liquid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Present in cruciferous vegetables; Used as a flavor (hot/burning taste in horseradish); [Merck Index] Used as a flavoring agent; [FDA]

Comments

Causes inflammation or scarring of the bladder in acute oral studies of rats; [RTECS] Safe when used as a flavoring agent in food; [ToxPlanet: EFSA] A skin and strong eye irritant; May cause skin and respiratory sensitization; Harmful by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Methyl isothiocyanate" and "Phenyl isothiocyanate."

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

0.01 mm Hg

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Isocyanate solution, toxic, n.o.s."

Adverse Effects
Skin Sensitizer

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Related Information in HazMap
Diseases

Occupational diseases associated with exposure to this agent: