Agent Name

Sarcosine

CAS Number

107-97-1

Formula

C3-H7-N-O2

Major Category

Biological Agents

Synonyms

(Methylamino)acetic acid; (Methylamino)ethanoic acid; ; Acetic acid, (methylamino)-; Glycine, N-methyl-; Methylglycine; N-Methylaminoacetic acid; N-Methylglycine; Sarcosin; Sarcosinic acid; [ChemIDplus] Sar; N-Methylglycocoll; Methylaminoethanoic acid; [Merck Index] Methyl glycocoll; Methylaminoacetic acid; 2-Methylaminoethanoic acid; N-Methyl glycocoll; [CAMEO]

Category

Amino Acids and Derivatives

Description

Deliquescent solid; [Merck Index] Cream-colored hygroscopic solid; [NTP] White odorless crystalline powder; Hygroscopic; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as an intermediate in synthesis of toothpaste antienzyme agents; [Merck Index] "An amino acid intermediate in the metabolism of choline." [ChemIDplus] Used to make antienzyme agents for cosmetics and pharmaceuticals; [NTP] "Sarcosine, also known as N-methylglycine, is an intermediate and byproduct in glycine synthesis and degradation. Sarcosine is metabolized to glycine by the enzyme sarcosine dehydrogenase, while glycine-N-methyl transferase generates sarcosine from glycine. Sarcosine is a natural amino acid found in muscles and other body tissues." [Wikipedia]

Comments

Causes analgesia in acute intravenous studies of mice; [RTECS] May cause irritation; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Exposure Assessment
Vapor Pressure

1.65E-7 mm Hg

Links to Other NLM Databases
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