Agent Name

Sodium carbonate monohydrate

CAS Number

5968-11-6

Formula

C-H2-O3.H2-O.2Na

Major Category

Metals

Synonyms

Carbonic acid disodium salt, monohydrate; Disodium carbonate monohydrate; Getrocknetes natriumkcarbonat; Natrii carbonas monohydricus; Natrium carbonicum monohydricum; [ChemIDplus]

Category

Metals, Inorganic Compounds

Description

Odorless solid; [Merck Index] Colorless to white odorless powder or granules; Hygroscopic; [Alfa Aesar MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used to make sodium salts, glass, and soap; Also used for washing and bleaching textiles and softening water; Other applications are in photography, analytical chemistry (standard for acid-base titrimetry), pharmaceuticals (alkalizer), and veterinary medicine (emetic and skin cleanser/softener); [Merck Index]

Comments

Overexposure to dust or vapor causes mucous membrane irritation and coughing; A skin irritant; [Merck Index] An eye irritant in rabbits; Marketed in small quantities compared to the anhydrous form; [OECD SIDS] A strong eye irritant; [Alfa Aesar MSDS] See "Sodium carbonate."

Links to Other NLM Databases
Toxicity Information

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Chemical Information

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Processes

Industrial Processes with risk of exposure: