Agent Name

Uranyl acetate dihydrate

CAS Number

6159-44-0

Formula

C4-H6-O6-U.2H2-O

Major Category

Physical/Radiation

Synonyms

Bis(aceto)dioxouranium dihydrate; Bis(aceto-O)dioxouranium dihydrate; Uranium, bis(acetato)dioxo-, dihydrate; Uranium, bis(acetato-O)dioxo-, dihydrate, (T-4)-; [ChemIDplus] UN2910

Category

Radioactive Compounds

Description

Yellow solid with a mild acetic odor; Partially and incompletely soluble in water; [Merck Index] Yellow crystalline solid; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS]

Sources/Uses

Used as a reagent for sodium precipitation, in dry copying inks, and as activator in bacterial oxidation processes; [Merck Index]

Comments

Causes tremors in oral lethal-dose studies of rats; Causes changes in erythrocyte count, changes in motor activity, paternal reproductive effects (testes, epididymis, and sperm duct and male fertility index), and degenerative changes to brain in repeated-dose oral studies of rats; [RTECS] Contains a radioactive isotope that may cause cancer and genetic mutations; Highly toxic by ingestion and inhalation; May cause conjunctivitis and blood disorders; Prolonged or repeated exposure may cause organ injury; [Sigma-Aldrich MSDS] See "Uranyl acetate." See "Uranium" and linked occupational diseases.

Exposure Assessment
TLV (ACGIH)

0.2 mg/m3, as U

STEL (ACGIH)

0.6 mg/m3, as U

PEL (OSHA)

0.05 mg/m3, as U (sol), 0.25 mg/m3, as U (insol)

IDLH (NIOSH)

10 mg/m3, as U

Explanatory Notes

The Guide in the Emergency Response Guidebook is for "Radioactive material, excepted package, limited quantity of material."

Adverse Effects
Nephrotoxin

Yes

Links to Other NLM Databases
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Other Information

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